In October 1956, the IDF invaded the Sinai Peninsula: During the operation, 182 IDF soldiers were killed. Three of the soldiers’ burial places are still unknown to this day. 60 years after the operation, the IDF still hopes to figure out what happened to them.

Photo Credit: Channel 2 News

Less than eight years after the War of Independence, Israel conducted an extensive military operation, with the assistance of France and Britain, against Egypt: During the operation, which is commonly known as the Suez Crisis, Operation Kadesh or the Sinai War, the Sinai Peninsula was invaded and occupied by Israel. However, the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt shortly after due to international pressure. This year will mark the 60th anniversary of the operation.

Among the IDF soldiers who were killed during the operation were three soldiers whose bodies were never located- and their burial places are still unknown. A stone has been placed at Mount Herzl in their memory but the IDF’s Missing in Action Accounting Unit still studies their cases, in hopes of finding out what happened to them.


Abed Photo Credit: The IDF’s Missing in Action Accounting Unit/Channel 2 News

Shimon Abed

Abed was born in 1931 in Kirkuk, Iraq. In 1951, he immigrated to Israel with his family. He eventually settled in Kiryat Ata and when he enlisted to the army, he served in the IDF’s Armored Corps.

He was a reservist during the operation in an armored infantry company, which was sent to the straits of Umm Katef. At the end of October 1956, Abed was in a half-track during a battle that ended with the Israeli forces retreating. The half-track was badly damaged and it was determined that Abed was killed during the battle. He was 25 years old at the time of his death.


Attias Photo Credit: The IDF’s Missing in Action Accounting Unit/Channel 2 News

Shalom Attias

Attias was born in 1937 in Algiers, Algeria. He immigrated to Israel when he was 12 years old after the establishment of the state. Attias, who was a cadet at the squad commanders’ course of the Nahal Brigade (906th Battalion), was attached to the Paratroopers’ Brigade. Attias and the Pararoopers’ Brigade were sent in the direction of the Mitla Pass.

When the Paratroopers’ Brigade reached the area, the Egyptian forces opened fire on the IDF soldiers from the other side of the Mitla Pass. According to witnesses, Attias was hiding under an ammunition truck that exploded when an Egyptian aircraft blew it up. Since this battle, Attias was never seen again. The IDF determined that Attias fell during the battle. He was 19 years old.


Mizrachi Photo Credit: The IDF’s Missing in Action Accounting Unit/Channel 2 News

Yaakov Mizrachi

Mizrachi was born in Jerusalem in 1922. Mizrachi belonged to the 7th Brigade of the Armored Corps. During the battle for Umm Katef, Mizrachi was grazed by a bullet on his chest.

According to testimonies, his wound was not treated at the scene. His comrades said that he retreated back to the planned meeting spot with them but that he disappeared sometime during the journey. The IDF determined that Mizrachi fell during battle. He left behind a wife and three children.