Climate change and rising temperatures within oceans are placing coral reefs around the world in danger. Most of the corals turn white and die, except for those within the Gulf of Eilat, where damage to them is minor. Experts believe that thanks to algae, which provide the corals with food within the Red Sea, it is possible to solve the global crisis and save the world’s dying corals.
Corals throughout the world are dying but, could the corals within the Gulf of Eilat save the world? The whitening of corals is one of the difficult consequences of rising temperatures within the world’s oceans. Single-cell algae found within the corals is what provides them with food and in many places around the globe, the corals are turning white and dying as a result of climate change.
Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is one of the primary victims of whitening corals. 93% of the reef’s area has been affected and in other places around the world, more than half of the corals have died. However, in the Red Sea, there are coral reefs that have not been affected at all or were only slightly affected. While only some of the corals within Eilat’s reef turned white, it occurred at a much lower percentage than other reefs.
Could the corals in Eilat save the world? Photo Credit: Einar Barzilay/Channel 2 News
The solution to dying corals could be within the Gulf of Eilat’s corals: finding the durable seaweed species’ genetic background could aid researchers in locating the areas where reefs are more susceptible to whitening. Specialists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology believe that it is possible to prevent the corals from whitening by enriching the reefs with the durable seaweed from the Red Sea. They took the Red Sea’s seaweed, placed them in containers and exposed them to harsh and hot conditions for six weeks. The results were quite surprising: the seaweed not only survived, but prospered.