By a vote of 46-38, the Knesset plenum early Wednesday morning passed a bill under which the government may declare, during a national lockdown, a “special state of emergency due to the coronavirus,” and impose restrictions on demonstrations and prayer gatherings, including restrictions on the number of participants.

Under the proposed rules, during a special emergency Israelis will be banned from moving more than one kilometer away from their homes – including for political protests. Prayers, demonstrations or religious rituals will not be banned entirely during a special state of emergency, which can be declared only during a national lockdown, but the government will be authorized to impose restrictions on such gatherings, including limitations on the number of participants.

However, citizens are permitted to travel more than one kilometer from their homes to receive medical treatment, and disabled individuals may visit their parents or guardians even if they live more than a kilometer away.