A report published recently by the London-based Institute for Jewish Policy Research has shown that only10% of the world’s Jews live in Europe – 1,329,400. Between 1970 and 2020, Europe lost 59% of its Jewish population. In Western Europe, there was a moderate loss of 9% and in Eastern Europe a drastic decline of 85%. The study found that of Germany’s 118,000 Jews, 40% are above the age of 65, and only 10% are under the age of 15.
The study noted that many European countries are experiencing Jewish emigration due to antisemitism, the collapse of Jewish communities and assimilation.
In 1970, 3.2 million Jews lived in Europe, including the Soviet Union. 1.5 Jews left Europe after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Jews are also fleeing Western European countries. A survey conducted in France in 1975 estimated the total number of Jews at 530,000, while today there are 449,000 Jews in the country.
The decrease in the Jewish population is primarily due to emigration, mainly to Israel (over 51,000 between 2000 and 2019), but also to Canada, the US and other countries. In 1970, 39,000 Jews lived in Turkey, while today only 14,600 Jews live in the country. Mixed marriages are also affecting the Jewish communities in Europe. In Poland, 70% of Jews are married to non-Jewish spouses.
In Hungary, Holland, Denmark, and Sweden, 50% of Jews are married to non-Jewish spouses. The rate of mixed marriages in France is 31%. In the UK it is 24%, and in Belgium – 14%. The study further showed that Europe’s Jewish population is expected to further decrease due to due assimilation and low birth rates. 70,000 Israel-born Jews live in Europe on a regular basis – 18,000 in Britain, 10,000 in Germany, 9,000 in France and 6,000 in Holland.